So what is the legality of claiming land on the moon?
What regions would you like to claim if you had the opportunity to make such a claim? Imagine Covered Wagons racing now as spaceships. Racing, to plant their posts too include, so many acres of land.
As a photocatalyst
Titanium dioxide, particularly in the anatase form, is a photocatalyst under ultraviolet light. Recently it has been found that titanium dioxide, when spiked with nitrogen ions, or doped with metal oxide like tungsten trioxide, is also a photocatalyst under visible and UV light. The strong oxidative potential of the positive holes oxidizes water to create hydroxyl radicals. It can also oxidize oxygen or organic materials directly. Titanium dioxide is thus added to paints, cements, windows, tiles, or other products for sterilizing, deodorizing and anti-fouling properties and is also used as a hydrolysis catalyst. It is also used in the Graetzel cell, a type of chemical solar cell.
The photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide were discovered by Akira Fujishima in 1967 and published in 1972. The process on the surface of the titanium dioxide was called the Honda-Fujishima effect. Titanium dioxide has potential for use in energy production: as a photocatalyst, it can
- carry out hydrolysis; i.e., break water into hydrogen and oxygen. Were the hydrogen collected, it could be used as a fuel. The efficiency of this process can be greatly improved by doping the oxide with carbon..
- Titanium dioxide can also produce electricity when in nanoparticle form. Research suggests that by using these nanoparticles to form the pixels of a screen, they generate electricity when transparent and under the influence of light. If subjected to electricity on the other hand, the nanoparticles blacken, forming the basic characteristics of a LCD screen. According to creator Zoran Radivojevic, Nokia has already built a functional 200-by-200-pixel monochromatic screen which is energetically self-sufficient.
In 1995 Fujishima and his group discovered the superhydrophilicity phenomenon for titanium dioxide coated glass exposed to sun light. This resulted in the development of self-cleaning glass and anti-fogging coatings.
TiO2 incorporated into outdoor building materials, such as paving stones in noxer blocks or paints, can substantially reduce concentrations of airborne pollutants such as volatile organic compounds and nitrogen oxides.
A photocatalytic cement that uses titanium dioxide as a primary component, produced by Italcementi Group, was included in Time‘s Top 50 Inventions of 2008.
 For wastewater remediation
The process occurs under ambient conditions very slowly, direct UV light exposure increases the rate of reaction.
The formation of photocyclized intermediate products, unlike direct photolysis
techniques, is avoided.
Oxidation of the substrates to CO2 is complete.
The photocatalyst is inexpensive and has a high turnover.
TiO2 can be supported on suitable reactor substrates.
The lunar south pole as it will appear on the night of impact. Photo Credit – NMSU / MSFC Tortugas Observatory
The impact site is crater Cabeus near the Moon’s south pole. NASA is guiding the Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite (“LCROSS” for short) and its Centaur booster rocket into the crater’s floor for a spectacular double-impact designed to “unearth” signs of lunar water. See:LCROSS Viewer’s Guide
Image Above: The dark blue and purple areas at the moons poles indicate neutron emissions that are consistent with hydrogen-rich deposits covered by desiccated regolith. These hydrogen signatures are possible indications of water in the form of ice or hydrated minerals. Feldman et al., Science, 281, 1496, 1998. Click image to enlarge Credit: NASA
Just like on Earth, water will be a crucial resource on the moon. Transporting water and other goods from Earth to the moon’s surface is expensive. Finding natural resources, such as water ice, on the moon could help expedite lunar exploration. The LCROSS mission will search for water, using information learned from the Clementine and Lunar Prospector missions.
By going to the moon for extended periods of time, a new generation of explorers will learn how to work safely in a harsh environment. A lunar outpost is a stepping stone to future exploration of other bodies in our solar system. The moon also offers many clues about when the planets were formed.